Nepal is a land of high Himalayan mountains. There are numerous tall mountain ranges there that rise above 8000 meters. Nepal is home to eight of the world’s fourteen highest peaks, including Mount Everest. Each of these great summits has its own base camp. Nepal is the perfect place to encounter those beautiful mountains. Facts about Trekking in the Himalayas are given below.
The Himalayas, also known as the Nepali Himalayas, are a huge mountain series in Asia that extends between the Tibetan Plateau to the north and the alluvial plains of the Indian subcontinent to the south. The Himalayas are the highest mountain in the world, with more than 110 peaks rising above sea level by at least 24,000 feet (7,300 meters).
Both the continent in which the mountains are found and their origin are fascinating. The Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates collided to create the mountain range. The Indo-Australian plate and the Eurasian continent folded into mountain ranges upon their collision, creating the tallest peak in the globe.
25 of the world’s tallest peaks are found in the Himalayas, and since Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa conquered Mount Everest, hordes of mountaineering enthusiasts have descended on the area to scale the highest peaks and inscribe their names in history. Mountain climbers have long been lured to Nepal by the numerous Himalayan Peaks, eight of which are among the highest peaks in the world at over 8,000 meters.
The Himalaya Expedition is an effort to climb the tallest mountain in the world. In South Asia, there is a mountain range called the Himalayas. Ten of the fourteen eight thousand meter peaks are among the more than fifty summits in this range that are higher than 7200 meters/23600 feet. It covers a distance of about 2500 kilometers and passes through Nepal, India, Bhutan, Pakistan, and China. It begins in the east with Assam, India, and finishes in the west with the Indus River, Pakistan.
Flora and Fauna
The Himalayan region, with its diverse climatic conditions, is home to many uncommon, endemic and endangered species of flora and fauna.
Himalayan vegetation varies depending on the climate and altitude. They range from temperate woods in the middle elevations to tropical deciduous forests in the foothills. Coniferous, sub-alpine, and alpine forests begin to appear further up. Alpine grasslands and high-altitude meadows eventually replace these. Scrublands follow them and extend all the way to the permanent snowline.
In addition, diverse plant species can be found in Nepal’s most remote areas. It includes everything from the Trans-Himalayan region’s treeless steppes to the higher valleys’ birch, silver fir, larch, and hemlock trees to the oak, pine, and rhododendron of the middle altitudes and the Terai’s massive Sal and Sissau forests.
The vegetation varies as well, from the little-known tropical rainforests of the Eastern Himalayas to the lush subtropical and alpine forests of the Central and Western Himalayas and the scant desert vegetation of the cold desert regions of the Transhimalaya.
There are 528 species of birds, 241 species of mammals, 74 species of amphibians, 149 species of reptiles, and 218 species of fish in the fauna. The Himalayan animal life differs significantly from that of the plains.
The wildlife in Nepal is most abundant in the tropical zone, where it is possible to see buffalo, leopards, four different species of deer, snow leopard, and other creatures including red panda, swamp deer, and hot deer. The Himalayan monal, Crow Himalayan Vulture are the three main species of birds in this area.\
Climate and Habitations
According to height, the region has two distinct climates: chilly at the top and damp at the bottom. The region experiences significant and abrupt climate variations, which result in a variety of weather patterns and the existence of the two seasons of summer and winter. While the winters are brutal with extremely cold temperatures, the summers are ideal for hiking vacations.
Numerous ethnic groups, including members of the Tibetan, Sherpa, Gurung, and other similar communities, who are thought to have moved from the Tibetan region are still present here despite the hard climate.
Even though Nepal makes a negligible contribution to global warming, the country is severely impacted by it. The mountain ecology and freshwater ecosystems of Nepal have been observed to be most affected by climate change.
Experience Culture of Himalaya
The southern slopes of the Annapurna, Himalchuli, and Ganesh Himal mountains are where the Gurung and Magar people live mostly in the west. The well-known Gurkha regiments frequently employ Magars and Gurungs as soldiers.
The eastern mid hills’ slopes and valleys are home to the Rais, Limbus, and Sunuwar people, many of whom have relocated to the eastern Terai. One of the largest Tibeto-Burman ethnic groups in Nepal is the Tamang. Tamangs make up around half of the population in Nepal’s Himalayan region.
Both western and Newari fashions have had a big impact on the way many Tamang people dress. Women typically dress in a vibrant wraparound skirt, shirt, jacket, and scarf. On significant occasions, they wear hefty nose and ear rings made of gold or brass that are studded with semiprecious stones. Men dress in topis, short-sleeved coats, or the customary Newari pants. The waists of both men and women are encircled by many meters of fabric.
If you’re thinking about visiting Nepal, SnowyDreamWorld, our company, is here to help. Our business offers a variety of services, such as adventures, peak-climbing, and short & long treks.
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