Bardiya National Park began in the 1980's, It's lies in the Western Terai at a zone of 968 kilometers for every square, making it the biggest and most undisturbed wild territory of the Terai region.
About 70% of the park is covered with forest, with the balance a mixture of grassland, savannah
and riverine forest
The flora recorded in the park comprises 839 species of flora, including 173 vascular plant
species comprising 140 dicots
, 26 monocots
, six fern
, and one gymnosperm
A group of gharials and a mugger
on a sand bank of the Karnali River
Bengal tiger in Bardiya National Park
The wide range of vegetation types in forest and grassland provides excellent habitat for 642 faunal species. The Karnali-Babai river system, their small tributaries and myriads of oxbow lakes is habitat for 125 recorded species of fish. A small population of gharial
inhabits the rivers. Apart from the mugger crocodiles
, 23 reptile
species have been recorded.
The Bardiya National Park is home to at least 53 mammals
, wild elephant
, Bengal tiger
, swamp deer
, and Gangetic dolphin
: Translocation of rhinos from Chitwan
to Bardia National Park commenced in 1986, with 58 individuals relocated until 2000. From 1994 to 2000, hunters have been unsuccessful at poaching
rhinos. In April 2000, there were 67 rhinos in the park, most of them resident in the Babai Valley.
In May 2006, a reconnaissance survey was carried out in the Babai River floodplain, which revealed an alarming decline in the rhino population. Poaching was suspected to be the main cause of this decline. Subsequent surveys in 2007 and 2008 have confirmed the complete disappearance of rhinos from Babai Valley. In different habitats of the Karnali floodplain 25 rhinos were recorded based on direct observation and indirect signs of rhino dung and tracks. They were mostly congregated in the floodplain grassland, riverine forest and wetlands.
In March 2008, only 22 rhinos were counted, and two of them were poached after the count.
The World Wide Fund for Nature reported that by 2015, the rhino population had risen to 29, mainly because of increased security measures.
: In 1985, two large elephant bulls were spotted for the first time in the park, and named Raja Gaj
. They roamed the park area together and made occasional visits to the females. Raja Gaj
stood 11.3 ft (3.4 m) tall at the shoulder and had a massive body weight. His appearance has been compared to that of a mammoth
due to his high bi-domed shaped head. His forehead and domes were more prominent than in other Asian bull elephants. In 1993, five elephants were seen entering the park, and one year later another 16 individuals arrived. A population count in summer 1997 revealed 41 resident individuals.
In 2002, more than 60 individuals were estimated to reside in the Karnali floodplain and the Babai Valley.
Peacock displaying his plumes
Current checklists include 407 bird species, among them the Bengal florican
, white-rumped vulture
, and bar-headed geese
, which are symbolic of the park. Lesser florican
and sarus crane
are present; grey-crowned prinia
, jungle prinia
, pale-footed bush warbler
, aberrant bush warbler
, striated grassbird
, golden-headed cisticola
and chestnut-capped babbler
occur in the park's grasslands.
The recreation center is generally difficult to reach contrasted with 'Chitwan', yet the flight and street moves merit the exertion. Bardiya National park
is portrayed by a blend of prairie, savannah and riverine woodlands. The scope of natural life is broad with rhinoceros, wild elephant, Bengal tiger, Swamo deer, Gangetic dolphin and pronghorns. Be that as it may, it remains a top goal for tiger sightings in Nepal. Our visit package in Bardiya National Park comprises of adventures like birds watching, wilderness visit, elephant safari thus considerably more. During the night, you will also enjoy the 'Tharu' social dance exhibitions performed by the neighborhood occupants 'Tharu'. For more info, please CONTACT US