The Sherpa are one of the Tibetanethnic groups native to the most mountainous regions of Nepal, Tingri County in the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Himalayas. The term sherpa or sherwa derives from the Sherpa language words ཤར shar (“east”) and པ pa (“people”), which refer to their geographical origin of eastern Tibet.
The Sherpa were nomadic people who first settled in the Solukhumbu District (Khumbu), Nepal. According to Sherpa oral history, four groups migrated from Kham in Tibet to Solukhumbu at different times, giving rise to the four fundamental Sherpa clans: Minyagpa, Thimmi, Sertawa and Chawa. These four groups gradually split into the more than 20 different clans that exist today. Mahayana Buddhism religious conflict may have contributed to the migration out of Tibet in the 13th and 14th centuries and arrived in Khumbu regions of Nepal. Sherpa migrants travelled through Ü and Tsang, before crossing the Himalaya
Sherpas are local people who are highly skilled and experienced climbers. They are paid to do things such as prepare the route for foreign climbers to follow, fix ropes in place, and carry the necessary climbing kit up the mountain. Climbing Everest is tough and being a Sherpa is a really risky job. The Sherpa’s are so important. For one, they’re the local people, so they know the culture, they know the area, they know the people.”But when it comes to climbing the mountain they have this phenomenal energy and power on the mountain.”So pretty much any western climber that may go to Everest will use Sherpas to help get the logistics in place, all the ropes, all the tents, and things like that.
Sherpa Pay Debate
A Sherpa can earn up to £4,800 during the climbing season, which is about 10 times the average wage in Nepal. It’s not much compared to British wages, but it is a lot for Nepal as it is a very poor country. But Nepal’s government earns millions every year from climbing permits, and climbing companies can charge people up to £36,000 to climb Everest. Some Sherpas think they should get more money for doing such a risky job.
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