There are two base camps on Mount Everest, on opposite sides of the mountains: South Base Camp is in Nepal at an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 ft) (28°0′26″N 86°51′34″E), while North Base Camp is in Tibet, China at 5,150 meters (16,900 ft) (28°8′29″N 86°51′5″E).
The base camps are rudimentary campsites at the base of Mount Everest that are used by mountain climbers during their ascent and descent; they are also visited by hikers. South Base Camp is used when climbing via the southeast ridge, while North Base Camp is used when climbing via the northeast ridge.
Supplies are shipped to the South Base Camp by porters, and with the help of animals, usually yaks. The North Base Camp is accessed by a paved road that branches from China National Highway 318. Climbers typically rest at base camp for several days for acclimatization, to reduce the risk of altitude sickness.
South Base Camp in Nepal
The Everest Base Camp trek on the south side, at an elevation of 5,364 m (17,598 ft), is one of the most popular trekking routes in the Himalayas and about 40,000 people per year make the trek there from Lukla airport. Trekkers usually fly from Kathmandu to Lukla to save time and energy before beginning the trek to the base camp. However, trekking to Lukla is possible. There are no roads from Kathmandu to Lukla and as a result, the only method of transporting large and heavy goods is by plane.
Everest Base Trek Route Map from Nepal side
From Lukla, climbers trek upward to the Sherpa capital of Namche Bazaar, 3,440 meters (11,290 ft), following the valley of the Dudh Kosi river. It takes about two days to reach the village, which is the central hub of the area. Typically at this point, climbers allow a day of rest for acclimatization. They then trek for another two days to Dingboche, 4,260 meters (13,980 ft) before resting for another day for further acclimatization. Another two days takes them to Everest Base Camp via Gorakshep, the flat field below Kala Patthar, 5,545 meters (18,192 ft) and Mt.Pumori.
On 25 April 2015, an earthquake measuring 7.8 on the moment magnitude scale, struck Nepal and triggered an avalanche on Pumori that swept through the South Base Camp. At least 19 people were said to have been killed as a result. Just over two weeks later, on May 12, a second quake struck measuring 7.3 on the Mw. Some of the trails leading to Everest Base Camp were damaged by these earthquakes and needed repairs
Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty and Weather
When you think of trekking to Everest base camp, the first question you might ask is about its difficulty level. As a multi-day and high-altitude trekking adventure, it is a fairly challenging trek that demands good physical fitness.
Although a challenging trekking adventure, it is not an extremely difficult trek to accomplish. You do not need any technical skills to go on this adventure and also do not need to go through technically challenging activities.
However, you will need to have the sound physical fitness to accomplish the adventure. As a high altitude trekking that takes you over 5,500 meters above sea level in the Himalayan wilderness is tough enough and physically demanding.
The difficulty level will go up as you gain the elevation as your reach closer towards the base camp. Your walking pace will be slower and you will find the oxygen level thinning as you reach the higher altitudes. The increasing elevation and scant oxygen level will make the trek more challenging. But the situation is certainly bearable with minimum effort.
What Is The Food On The Everest Base Camp Trek?
If you are heading out, either for hiking, trekking or for a long journey you need to have a tight diet so that you can always keep your body energized. And mainly if you are trekking and hiking the more you need to be energized. You need extra energy, as you will be hiking through off-beaten rugged trails. And if you are planning to do the Everest Base Camp Trekking, first you need to plan for your meals. You need the right diet so that it can keep you energized for the extended walk and hiking.
Table of Contents
i. Breakfast on Everest Base Camp
ii. Lunch at Everest Base Camp Trek
iii. Dinner on Everest Base Camp
iv. Drinks on Everest Base Camp
vi. What to eat before trekking?
vii. What to eat after the trek?
viii. What not to eat or drink while trekking?
Breakfast on Everest Base Camp
While trekking to Everest base camp we will be starting our trek after having our breakfast. So, breakfast during this trek mostly includes sweet and energizing food. A good breakfast boosts your confidence and energizes you. Normally, teahouses provide breakfast around the time 7 AM – 8 AM. Most tea houses will offer you a hot breakfast which usually consists of eggs, potatoes, coffee/tea, and French toast.
Lunch at Everest Base Camp Trek
In the food menu of Everest Base Camp trek, lunch consists of carbohydrate-rich food and whole grains. In the daily routine of the trek, lunch will be served in the afternoon, like around 12 noon to 1:00 pm.
The lunch will be served in one of the tea houses on the way to the teahouse menu. Usually, traditional Nepali food (Dal, Bhat, Tarkari, and Aachar), which means boiled rice, lentil soup, vegetables, and pickle are the best options during the trek. Also, the Nepali style cooked meat is served but this is an optional one.
Dinner on Everest Base Camp
The dinner is served at the end of the day of the trek. Normally, it’ll be served in the lodge where you stay overnight from around 7:30 pm to 8:00 pm. Dinner will be as per the lodge menu and will be like lunch. You can go for Seither traditional Nepali Dal Bhat or western food mentioned on the menu.
Drinks on Everest Base Camp
While on the Everest Base Camp trek you should drink sensibly. On the trail, most of the teahouses served hot lemon and hot orange. Hot water and sliced ginger are also served. If you get a problem with your stomach, then this will help you well .Generally, tea and coffee are also served. But keep in mind while trekking at the high altitudes, you should avoid caffeine.
Always keeping yourself hydrated is one of the most important keys to a successful trek. If you don’t intake enough fluid it can cause serious problems including altitude sickness.
What to eat before trekking?
Now, let’s check before trekking what you need to eat to maintain your energy level during the trek. According to many health experts, you need to take the right type of carbs before trekking like porridge/Dalia or oats. All these products provide you with instant energy. People said that you must start trekking with a filling healthy breakfast. However, if you’re going trekking towards the afternoon, then you should have a healthy lunch.
What to eat after the trek?
Once you’re done with the hectic hike, again you need to refuel your body. You can have look for options with protein and complex sugars such as quick energy bars. Don’t forget to drink a lot of water. Normally, having 500 ml of water after you drink should be good.
What not to eat or drink while trekking?
During Everest Base Camp Trek, you should avoid meat. The meat available here is not hygienic and may be harmful to consume. The meat is transported from the lower elevation on the plane due to which the meat available here is at least 2 to 3 days old. Thus, keep in mind to eat fresh and hygienic food you need to avoid meat.
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